Welcome. I have set up this webpage summarizing paid summer research opportunities for undergraduates that I know about.
The National Science Foundation Division of Materials Research (NSF DMR) supports Research Experience for Undergraduate (REU) Sites that focus on research in materials science and related areas, including condensed matter physics, materials chemistry and physics, and materials engineering [link]. Google map of DMR-funded REU Sites [link]. Generally due 01/15/2016 or later.
The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) sponsors more than 50 research programs for undergraduate students at national laboratories and other federal research facilities in 24 states and some outside the United States [link]. The full list of undergraduate opportunities is here. Many Department of Defense laboratories hire their undergraduates through the ORISE program.
Ordered from soonest to latest due date:
The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (Adelphi, MD) [link] says that undergraduates interested in research opportunities should visit the ORISE site (see above).
The U.S. Department of Navy, Naval Research Enterprise Internship Program (NREIP) [link]. Participating students spend ten weeks during the summer conducting research at approximately 29 Department of Navy laboratories [link]. Due 10/23/2015.
The Air Force Research Laboratory, Scholars Program [link]. Research opportunities available at Kirtland AFB, NM; Maui, HI; and Eglin AFB, FL. Due 01/19/2016.
The National Science Foundation, Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (NSF MRSEC) [link], summer Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program [link]. Application due dates variable, depending on the center. Generally due 01/15/2016 or later.
The National Science Foundation, National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network [link], summer Research Experience for Undergraduates (NSF NNIN REU) [link]. Map showing the locations of the NNIN labs [link]. Due early February 2016.